Description (adult of the nominate subspecies of the rock pigeon): Diet: Seeds form the major component of the diet, but it varies greatly according to species. European population estimated at between 17 and 28 million birds.Dedicated pigeon houses, or dovecotes, were believed to have existed in very early times in southern Palestine and later in Egypt in 44 BC.However, a detailed and well-preserved Roman mosaic dating from 200 BC shows a dovecote with a thatched roof in which there are numerous flight holes with pigeons perching both on the roof and flying above it.Bird Order: Columbiformes Family: Columbidae (includes 315 different species) Subspecies: C. The earliest reference to the pigeon being used to carry messages dates back to 2500 BC and the tradition has continued throughout history.
Later, in the 19th century, the pigeon was used for commercial purposes, carrying messages for financial institutions and news agencies in Europe and even providing an airmail service in New Zealand.
Man has found many sporting uses for the pigeon throughout history, with the earliest known example being the sport of Triganieri.
It is unclear when this ancient sport first started, but the early Greeks and Romans are believed to have participated in it.
Wood pigeons have a varied diet which includes vegetables and berries.
The feral pigeon found in urban areas exists exclusively on a diet of seed (normally from human sources) and human refuse, such as fast food waste.